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seminars:seminar_13_10_15 [2017/09/20 22:02] (current)
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 +====== Design for Security: The Hardware-Up Principle ======
 +====  Simha Sethumadhavan (Columbia University) ====
 +== Tuesday, October 15, 4:​30pm-5:​30pm ==
 +== HH D-210  ==
 +===== Abstract =====
 + In this talk, I will propose and describe a new design principle for
 + ​security:​ the hardware-up principle. Hardware-up security means that
 + ​systems should be secured starting from hardware instead of the
 + ​existing popular approach where software layers are secured, assuming
 + that the lower layers are secure even when they are not. I will
 + ​discuss how systems designed for security from hardware-up offer
 + ​unique advantages unavailable in current protection systems: a
 + ​smaller attack surface, energy-efficient execution, and the ability
 + to reason about security compositionally.
 + I will illustrate hardware-up benefits through three case studies.
 + For the first hardware-up case study, I will discuss how we can
 + ​prevent attackers from taking advantage of unintentional hardware
 + ​design flaws. Taking microarchitectural side channels as an example,
 + I will discuss a new methodology that computer architects can use to
 + ​reason micro architectural side-channels at processor design time.
 + ​Attackers can also intentionally weaken hardware to break systems. In
 + the second case study, I will discuss how hardware itself can be
 + ​created in a manner that provides assurance that its security has not
 + been compromised due to design-time backdoors. I will describe our
 + ​technique for silencing backdoors and a prototype built using this
 + ​technique that incurs less than 8% area overhead and negligible
 + ​performance overheads.
 + ​Finally,​ I will describe a hardware malware detector, a first of its
 + kind, that is vastly simpler to implement compared to a traditional
 + ​software malware detector.
 + Case study 1: SVF:
 + ​http://​www.cs.columbia.edu/​~simha/​preprint_isca12_svf.pdf
 + Case study 2: Hardware Backdoors:
 + ​http://​www.cs.columbia.edu/​~simha/​preprint_oakland11.pdf
 + Case study 3: Malware Detector:
 + ​http://​www.cs.columbia.edu/​~simha/​preprint_isca13_malware.pdf
 +===== Bio =====
 +Simha Sethumadhavan is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at
 +Columbia University. Simha'​s research interests are in hardware
 +security and energy-efficient computing. He is the principal
 +investigator on the DARPA SPARCHS project at Columbia University. The
 +goal of the project is to discover how systems should be designed if
 +security was a first order design requirement in addition to the
 +traditional requirements like power/​performance etc. He has been
 +recognized with an Alfred P Sloan Fellowship (2013), NSF CAREER award
 +(2011), two IEEE Micro "top pick" awards (2004, 2013) and a graduate
 +teaching award (2006). He obtained his PhD from UT Austin in 2007.